The optimization of broiler performance is determined by many factors. One of them, which is very crucial, is the quality of DOCs (day-old chickens) because it will serve as a benchmark for the success of broiler cultivation.
The actual condition of DOCs in the farm was revealed by Warni, a broiler breeder in Madiun, East Java, who shared his experience. The DOCs he received on the farm were of very good quality, which was a very positive trend in the last few raising periods.
The DOCs received by Warni had a standard bodyweight of at least 38 grams. Meanwhile, in the first week, the bodyweight of DOCs had reached 175 grams and in the second week 550-650 grams. "In fact, the standard from the company is only set at 450 grams in the second week with the uniformity reaching 85%," he explained to TROBOS Livestock.
However, Warni warned, the quality of DOCs alone was not enough; it must be supported by other factors such as feed, drinking and, of course, other good management. When receiving the DOCs in a less good condition, he immediately complained to the supplier by refusing the DOCs that were sent and not signing the delivery order. "Even though the DOCs were forced to be accepted, they were not good enough and would be at risk of a large number of deaths, and the growth would not optimal until the end of the period," he explained.
A broiler breeder in Tangerang, Banten, Frits Smith, argued that whether the DOCs received in the cage were good or not also depends on the travel distance, the trip duration, not transportation. "DOC truck drivers have a very vital role in bringing DOCs to their destination and the weather conditions are also very decisive," he said.
A different experience was expressed by Muhammad Huzaifah Ali Mutahari. This broiler breeder, who is from Makassar, South Sulawesi, revealed that a week after receiving DOCs, he experienced problems with E. Coli, causing some of the DOCs to grow slowly. Nevertheless, he admitted it was also affected by complex maintenance management.
Huzaifah, who used DOCs from 3 different companies, was very disappointed with the incident. In fact, the weight of the DOCs that Huzaifah received was in the range of 40-42 grams. However, the growth in the first week only reached 166 grams and in the second week 390 grams with 60% uniformity. This condition is below the company standard, namely 180-200 grams in the first week and 500-550 grams in the second week.
Private Commercial Broiler Farm Consultant of Tri Group, Eko Prasetio said, in the past one or two months, the DOCs he received had decreased in quality compared to the previous ones. There were the quality parameters of DOCs that were not good enough, namely a decrease in the diversity rate of 15-20%. There was also an increase in the percentage of the lower threshold by an average of more than 15%. In addition, there was a higher mortality and reject rate in the first week. "When going into more detail, the condition is caused by cases of an infectious and non-infectious nature, which are in balance," he said.