Twenty years ago, the average daily production of milk for dairy cattle in the Netherlandswas only 20 liters per head per day. Now theigure has increased to 30 liters per head perday. “We are still at 10-13 liters per head perday. It is not that complicated, actually. Obviously, this is a matter of seeds and nurseries, because in Indonesia there are no companies or breeders who focus on breeding.
I have not seen any signiicant development in this dairy cow breeding,” said Ei Lutillah, Freshmilk Relationship Manager of PT Frisian Flag Indonesia at the 17th MIMBAR TROBOS Livestock, online seminar with the theme “Industry Commitment in National Dairy Development”, Tuesday (11/5).
Ei explained that the dairy industry in developed countries does not only recognize dairy farmers who produce milk but there are those who are specialized in breeding. Therefore, they do not need to bother too much with nursery management and calf care. “Apart from breeders raising their own calves, there are breeders who buy and take good care of raising dairy calves.
These seeds are sold back to dairy farmers for replacement or substitutes,” he said. The process of raising dairy cattle seeds is carried out carefully, paying attention to body growth and udder development so that it is expected to be able to produce milk with high productivity after entering the production phase.
“Some farmers from West Java buy dairy calves in Central Java. In fact, there are problems with the calf rearing location, especially low feed availability. So, after becoming heifers, we are not sure, they will not generate high milk production,” he explained. Dedi Setiadi agreed, saying that as long as there are no special seed breeders, dairy farmers should raise seeds from small in a very good way. “Now we sell calves to Central Java, grow them in Central Java, then
sell them again to West Java.
This makes it unclear known how to raise the calves until they are ready for production,” he said. Ei regrets the absence of private dairy breeding just because
the harvest is long, 1.5 years. So the task of the government is to bridge the diiculties in breeding these dairy cows. By so doing the seed production nurseries can be carried out by special breeders, private companies, cooperatives.
Ei is hoping that the breeders who have 5 dairy cows and 2-3 calves born every year can properly rear them so that their production can increase to 20 liters. He said that the impact would be great if the production of dairy cows could be increased by 2 liters per head per day through proper breeding. According to him, if
the population is multiplied, the increase will be very high, which is signiicant for the growth of domestic fresh milk production (SSDN). But this is not easy, he stressed.