Foto: Dok. Ramdan
It is important to realize that Indonesia has many opportunities to exploit oil palm plants. Apart from being used as an ingredient for cooking oil, apparently, palm oil can also be turned into animal feed. Usually, breeders or the animal feed industry (feed mill) turn it into PKM (Palm Kernel Meal).
Oil palm plantations are currently concentrated on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan. However, in recent years the development of oil palm plantations has also penetrated the Papua region. Based on data from the Ministry of Agriculture’s Director General of Plantation (Ministry of Agriculture), there are 168 thousand
hectares or 1% of Indonesia’s oil palm land in Papua. Meanwhile, the cattle population in Papua is ranked 2nd after pigs. Red meat production in the area also needs to be explored more deeply.
The government has actually issued a Decree of the Minister of Agriculture Number 472 of 2018 concerning the location of the national agricultural area. The decree pinned the province of West Papua within an agricultural area for oil palm development. The concentration areas include the districts of Sorong, Teluk Bintuni, and Manokwari. Meanwhile, beef cattle development areas are in Fakfak, Sorong, and Tambrouw districts.
Actually, there have been many national and regional regulations aimed at increasing the population of beef cattle and paying attention to land in Papua. However, information related to how to integrate oil palm and cattle in Papua is still very limited.
The Rector of the State University of Papua, Meky Sagrim, emphasized that the land of Papua is a very good and feasible potential for oil palm plantations for Indonesia. “There are indeed many oil palm plantations on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan. That’s past talk. But talking about Papua, then we
are talking about the future,” he said in a virtual seminar through the Zoom application on Thursday (25/3).
The West Papua region HITPI (Indonesian Forage Crop Scientist Association) coordinator, Diana Sawen, emphasized that Papua is the future of Indonesia. There are so many potential natural resources in the province. “Papua is quite extensive and certainly has future prospects for the development of ruminants,” he said.
The potential land found in Papua is natural grasslands, savanna, secondary forest, moor. These include waste or residue from agricultural crops and oil palm plantation areas. Generally, the cattle raised and developed in Papua is Bali cattle.
All parties should pay attention to the raising activities carried out in the oil palm-cattle integration system in a professional manner. Another opportunity is the existence of research studies that concentrate on exploring the development of forage species forage. “With this oil palm-cattle integration, we can also provide cattle seeds,” he continued.l