Being in an industrial environment is not always bad. For the Women Farmers Group (KWT) in Srikaton Village, Tanjung Bintang Subdistrict, South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province, being in an environment where there are many factories is actually a business opportunity.
Various factories that are widely established around Ir Sutami Street, Tanjung Bintang Subdistrict, produce waste which is used as feed material for duck farming businesses. The waste generally comes from shrimp cold storage, crab processing factory, corn processing factory, and others. Once, these factories faced their own problems in disposing of the waste they produce. However, since many duck farming businesses have emerged in the surrounding villages, the waste has begun to be used as raw material for feed.
KWT Al Fathir, chaired by Endang, also uses the factory waste as raw material for feed. This group of farmers started running a duck farming business after receiving 220 duck seeds from the South Lampung Regency Government in 2020. Now 145 ducks have laid eggs by producing an average of 100 eggs per day. According to Endang, they received the duck seeds in November 2020, consisting of 200 female and 20 male ducks. After being raised for four months, the ducks started laying eggs. To raise these laying ducks, Endang and his 14 members of the group mix their own feed. The raw materials for the feed use factory waste not far from their village such as corn bran, corn cobs, fine bran, and snails.
"From the feed ingredients, the snails still have to be looked for in the fields. Everything else is waste and we buy it from the factory," said Endang accompanied by Mulyadi who takes care of KWT Al Fathir ducks to TROBOS Livestock, recently. The pattern of rearing ducks carried out by KWT Al Fathir is a combination of being caged and herded. After the ducks are fed in the morning, then they are released to swim in several ponds on the edge of the rice fields, near the cage, so that they can look for natural food. Then in the afternoon hundreds of ducks are herded back into the cage.
“These ducks are still released to swim and find food naturally because their lifestyle requires swimming and bathing. You can say it is to meet the welfare of the animals so that the egg-laying is optimal," said Mulyadi.
With this combination system raising pattern, the cost of feed can be lower, only around Rp 225/head/day or around Rp 50 thousand/day for 220 ducks. For residents or groups who don't want to bother mixing feed, ready-made feed is also available from shrimp and crab cold storage waste that has been processed by youth organizations in villages around the factory. “But we haven't used it yet because the duck population is still small. When the population is already above five thousand birds, of course, we will use ready-made feed,” Mulyadi reasoned.