Mitigation, the terminology that is known in disaster management, can be applied to overcome the decline in egg production at the farm layer. According to Didit Prigastono, Deputy Health of Poultry Health Service and QC Breeding Division of PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk, cases of egg production decline can actually be said to always occur.
“But the waves are different, ranging from moderate to very strong. In fact, we rarely sit with farmers, discussing the concept that there are cases of decreased egg production due to viral diseases such as ND (Newcastle disease), IB (infectious bronchitis), and AI (avian influenza). Then it is written as a standard operating procedure (SOP) so that breeders are no longer in a hurry when they encounter a production drop," he said to the Sagavet (Satria Airlangga Veterinarian) Webinar - Alumni Association of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University (Unair) with the theme " Discuss Thoroughly Production Drops in Layers" some time ago.
The decline in egg production can be discussed through a "disaster" management approach so that a complete picture can be obtained starting from reducing the risk of cases, vigilance, response when infection occurs, and how to recover. In this case, the mitigation analysis is limited to the decrease in egg production due to the viral disease outbreak.
Mitigation is the first step in the "disaster" response system for poultry disease outbreaks. Disease mitigation is a series of prevention activities before an outbreak occurs. It not only formulates prevention strategies but also makes simulations when an outbreak occurs so that potential losses, chances of survival, opportunities for rescue methods, chances of repeated cases, and risk reduction strategies can be made to make sure that outbreaks will not recur in the future.
In addition, mitigation is important because it is related to risk mapping if one farm has an outbreak to make sure that it will not spread to other farms. This is especially true in areas where the breeder community has so many members, such as Blitar, East Java. The next step is preparedness. It is a plan for how to respond to an outbreak that occurs. Planning is made based on outbreaks that have occurred. The goal is to minimize depletion losses and production losses as wee as to slow the spread of disease.
Next, Didit said, is the response. It is an effort to minimize the danger caused by the epidemic. This stage takes place shortly after the outbreak occurs. The outbreak response is carried out with a focus on efforts to recover infected cages and anticipate the spread to other cages. The last process of overcoming the epidemic is recovery. It is an effort to restore the production, condition of chickens, and the population of chickens on the farm as before. In addition, an evaluation of the concept and implementation of the countermeasures has been carried out.