Producing quality dairy cows is an important thing to do so that the sustainability of the dairy cattle business in producing dairy products can be well-maintained. That’s why one of the Regional Integrated Implementation Units (UPTD) of the Food Security and Livestock Services of West Java Province (West Java), namely the Center for Breeding and Development of Artificial Insemination for Dairy Cattle (BPPIBTSP) Bunikasih Cianjur, is committed to being a representative model for breeding and rearing dairy cattle for the interests of relevant stakeholders.
Lukman Dwiaryanto, Head of UPTD BPPIBTSP Bunikasih, said that his party has several excellent programs to produce quality dairy cattle. One of them is the Bunikasih Ready to Perform Program (Source of Quality Dairy Cattle Breeds). Later on, from the program, a derivative program emerged called the Still Around West Java program (Together with Bunikasih Save Calves To Stay in West Java).
"We continue to carry out the program around West Java by collaborating with the West Java Indonesian Dairy Cooperative Association (GKSI) and South Bandung Livestock Cooperative (KPBS). As far as smallholder farmers are concerned, apart from HPT (Animal Feed Greenery) issue, it is also related to quality breeds. Plus, there is no group or company that specializes in breeding dairy cows," he explained while participating in the Cikole Discussion which was initiated by the Cikole Animal Husbandry and Food Security Training Center (BPPKP) online some time ago.
On the other hand, Dwi explained that the Still Around West Java program was the antithesis of the large number of dairy calves leaving the West Java area. In fact, from pregnancy to delivery, calves are kept by smallholder farmers in West Java. However, when breeders require the broodstock, they must buy it back. "The impact of the lineage is unclear because the origin and certainly differ between the calf that is sold and the calf that is bought back," he said.
Furthermore, he said that due to the calves being sold outside the West Java area, when they are bought back, the prices offered for calves and cows will be much more expensive. In addition, they are prone to strategic infectious animal diseases (PHMS). So, the Masih Bersama Jabar program is the right program to capture several female calves with clear and measurable genealogies. "Then it is maintained again according to SNI. Even at the age of 18 months, her condition is expected to be pregnant. Then, it is distributed to groups of farmers at a predetermined price in accordance with the Regional Regulation (Perda) for Regional Retribution. The cow price is below the market price," he added.
On the other hand, he stated that calf management needs to be considered because it is a determining factor for success in producing quality breeds. Ruminants that have been born actually do not have maternal antibodies, so this is a differentiator from other clusters. Therefore, giving colostrum, which is milk released from the udder of a cow that has just given birth and is yellow in color, should be given to the calf as soon as possible to provide immunity.