Livestock business after the Covid-19 pandemic includes a sector that recovers quickly. However, the recovery was hampered by an outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in ruminants. Except for poultry in Lampung, it is already in surplus and needs a processing unit as product diversification.
This is the common thread that emerged in the discussion held by the Association of Indonesian Animal Husbandry Engineers and Scholars (ISPI) for the Lampung Region. The discussion in collaboration with FP Unila and the Financial Services Authority (OJK) of Lampung Province took place in a hybrid manner in the Hall of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung (FP Unila), recently.
Director of Processing and Marketing of Livestock Products, Directorate of Livestock and Animal Health (Ditjen PKH) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Tri Melasari, in her speech said the government needed input and support as well as multi-stakeholder synergy to move the livestock and animal health sectors in an effort to increase production and productivity as well as improve farmer welfare, especially in efforts to prevent and control diseases of the mouth and nails (PMK) that exist today.
"We are struggling to deal with the outbreak of PMK which has spread to 24 provinces. The government is trying to eradicate this disease through treatment, vaccination, conditional reimbursement and tagging in all affected provinces. So the result is that only 16 provinces and 179 regencies still have active cases, and 8 provinces and 119 regencies reported no increase in cases," said Tri.
According to Tri, the Ministry of Agriculture continued to strive to meet the needs of food from livestock by increasing livestock production and productivity. Investment is one of the determining factors in the development of livestock business, besides, of course, the application of innovation and technology as well as good cultivation procedures. Even the implementation of innovation and technology requires investment.
Based on BKPM data, PMDN (large-scale) investment in the livestock business sector during the last five years (2017-2021) increased by 4.44% per year with an average value of Rp 2.49 trillion per year. Meanwhile, for the micro, small and medium scale, from KUR, there was an increase of 71.67% per year with an average value of Rp. 8.13 trillion per year. This means that livestock business investment growth is dominated by small and medium micro farmers.
“If we look at the 2013 BPS Agricultural Survey, the number of farmer households was 13 million. And when viewed from the number of livestock ownership, the average had 4 heads for cattle breeders, 6 heads for buffalo breeders, 9 heads for sheep breeders, 8 heads for pig farmers, and 50 heads for local chickens and ducks. This shows that micro, small and medium scale livestock business actors still have the potential to be developed through increasing business scale," she explained. TROBOS